To promote growth and health, it's important to know how and when to repot your plants. The average houseplant will outgrow its container and need to be repotted at least once if not more in its lifetime.
When do you know that it's time to repot your plant? Check for roots creeping up along the top of the soil or roots growing through the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. This is a sign that your plant needs more space.
Once you’ve determined that your plant does indeed need repotting, follow this step-by-step guide to learn how to repot your plants:
- Select a new pot that is approximately two inches larger than the current one. If the new pot is larger than two inches of the original, there may be too much soil for the roots to use, causing the plant to remain too wet which can lead to root issues.
- Fill the new pot one-third of the way full with fresh potting soil.
- Slide the plant out of its current pot. Gently shake the plant to encourage the roots to come along. With sharp scissors or shears, cut any dead, mushy, discolored, or excessively long roots.
- Place the plant in the center of the new pot, positioning the top of its root ball one inch below the pot’s top.
- Fill the new pot with soil from one to two inches below its top, patting it down around the roots.
- Finally, water the plant thoroughly – until the water flows from the bottom of the plant.
- Allow the plant to rest so all the water drains from the pot. Then, place it on its new saucer, making sure there is no pooling water.
It is important that your new pot has a hole in the bottom for excess water to drain onto a saucer. A plant in a pot without drainage is much more susceptible to root rot and damage or death from overwatering.